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Climate and Climate Change

Climate and Climate Change

Climate Change

Two days before Halloween, 2011, New England was struck by a freak winter storm. Heavy snow descended onto trees covered with leaves.  Overloaded branches fell on power lines.  Blue flashes of light in the sky indicated exploding transformers.  Electricity was out for days in some areas and for weeks in others. Damage to property and disruption of lives was widespread.

That disastrous restriction on human energy supplies was produced by Nature.  However, current and future energy curtailments are being forced on the populace by Federal policies in the name of dangerous “climate change/global warming”.  Yet, despite the contradictions between what people are being told and what people have seen and can see about the weather and about the climate, they continue to be effectively steered away from the knowledge of such contradictions to focus on the claimed disaster effects of  “climate change/global warming” (AGW, “Anthropogenic Global Warming”). 

People are seldom told HOW MUCH is the increase of temperatures or that there has been no increase in globally averaged temperature for over 18 years.  They are seldom told how miniscule is that increase compared to swings in daily temperatures. They are seldom told about the dangerous effects of government policies on their supply of “base load” energy — the uninterrupted energy that citizens depend on 24/7 — or about the consequences of forced curtailment of industry-wide energy production with its hindrance of production of their and their family’s food, shelter, and clothing. People are, in essence, kept mostly ignorant about the OTHER SIDE of the AGW debate.

Major scientific organizations — once devoted to the consistent pursuit of understanding the natural world — have compromised their integrity and diverted membership dues in support of some administrators’ AGW agenda.   Schools throughout the United States continue to engage in relentless AGW indoctrination of  students, from kindergarten through university.  Governments worldwide have been appropriating vast sums for “scientific” research, attempting to convince the populace that the use of fossil fuels must be severely curtailed to “save the planet.”  Prominent businesses — in league with various politicians who pour ever more citizen earnings into schemes such as ethanol in gasoline, solar panels, and wind turbines — continue to tilt against imaginary threats of AGW.  And even religious leaders and organizations have joined in to proclaim such threats.   As a consequence, AGW propaganda is proving to be an extraordinary vehicle for the exponential expansion of government power over the lives of its citizens. 

Reasoning is hindered by minds frequently in a state of alarm.  The object of this website is an attempt to promote a reasoned approach; to let people know of issues pertaining to the other side of the AGW issue and the ways in which it conflicts with the widespread side of AGW alarm (AGWA, for short).  In that way it is hoped that all members of society can make informed decisions.

The Ongoing War on Climate Skeptics

Congressman Raul Grijalva (D, AZ), February 23, 2015 Letters to 7 Universities regarding professors who had testified before Congress regarding climate from a skeptical perspective, “demanding information on funding sources, financial disclosure guidelines, and all draft testimony or exchanges relating to the testimony of certain researchers who have testified before Congress on climate change issues.”

  • University of Maryland, Professor David Legates
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Professor Wei-Hoc Soon, Professor Richard Lindzen
  • University of Colorado, Professor Roger Pielke, Jr.
  • University of Alabama, Professor John Christy
  • Georgia Institute of Technology, Professor Judith Curry
  • Arizona State University, Professor Robert Balling
  • Pepperdine University, Professor Steven Hayward

No similar letters were sent to the universities employing scientists who testified consistent with the Administration position.

Senators Edward Markey (D, MA), Barbara Boxer (D, CA) and Sheldon Whitehouse (D, RI) February 25, 2015  Letters to 100 fossil fuel companies, trade groups and other organizations regarding climate related funding, ” to determine whether they are funding scientific studies designed to confuse the public and avoid taking action to cut carbon pollution, and whether the funded scientists fail to disclose the sources of their funding in scientific publications or in testimony to legislators.”

Senator Sheldon Whitehouse (D, RI), May 29, 2015 Op-Ed, Washington Post suggesting RICO prosecution of fossil fuel companies.

Climate scientists’ letter to President Obama and Attorney General Lynch requesting RICO prosecution of climate skeptics, September 1, 2015 (Signers: Jagadish Shukla, Edward Maibach, Paul Dirmeyer, Barry Klinger, Paul Schopf and David Straus, George Mason University; Edward Sarachik and Michael Wallace, University of Washington; Alan Robock, Rutgers University; Eugenia Kalnay, University of Maryland and William Lau, University of Maryland; Kevin Trenberth, National Center for Atmospheric Research; T.N. Krishnamurti, Florida State University and Vasu Misra, Florida State University; Ben Kirtman, University of Miami; Robert Dickinson, University of Texas; Michela Biasutti and Lisa Goddard, Earth Institute, Columbia University; Mark Cane, Columbia University; and. Alan Betts, Atmospheric Research.

NY Attorney General Schneiderman investigation of Exxon Mobil, November 4, 2015

Wanted posters of climate skeptics displayed in Paris, France during COP 21, December, 2015.

Activist demands to rescind COP 21 credentials of climate skeptics, December, 2015

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Financial Mechanism of the Convention

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) established the Green Climate Fund (GCF) at COP 16 in 2010, as an operating entity of the Financial Mechanism of the Convention. The original intent was for the developed countries to provide a fund of $100 billion for use by the developing nations in climate adaptation and remediation, of which only about $10 billion has actually been pledged.

COP 21 set a new “collective quantified goal” of $100 billion per year for GCF funding, beginning in 2020. However, the Group of 77 plus China argued that this base funding level must be substantially increased if it is to meet the requirements of the Group of 77 plus China to contribute to the goals of the COP 21 Agreement, as well as meet their adaptation and remediation needs.

It is interesting that the number 1 and number 3 GHG emitters are members of this group; and, that neither of these countries has submitted an Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) document which makes any commitment to emissions reductions.

The UNFCCC COP 21 Agreement expresses some degree of urgency with regard to this funding, despite the fact that there are no demonstrated adverse impacts of anthropogenic global warming (AGW); and, significant evidence of positive climate impacts on crop production and general vegetation growth.

The Board of the Green Climate Fund has determined that the pledged funds should be allocated approximately 50% to adaptation and 50% to remediation over time; and, that at least 50% of the adaptation funds should be devoted to meeting the needs or the most vulnerable nations.

There is currently no formula which determines the contributions of individual nations to the Green Climate Fund. Currently, relatively few nations have announced commitments.

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Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) Comparisons

Prior to COP 21, nations were asked to submit Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) toward the COP objective of reducing global carbon emissions. The key aspects of the INDCs submitted by the four largest CO2 emitters are listed below.

1 – China (9680 Mt CO2)

  • Peak CO2 emissions by around 2030.
  • Lower CO2 emissions per unit of GDP by 60-65% from 2005 levels.
  • Increase non-fossil share of primary energy consumption to ~20%.
  • Increase forest stock volume by 4.5 billion cubic meters from 2005 levels.

2 – USA (5561 Mt CO2)

  • Reduce GHG emissions by 26-28% by 2025 from 2005 levels

3 – India (2597 Mt CO2)

  • Lower CO2 emissions per unit of GDP by 20-25% from 2005 levels by 2020.

4 – Russia (1595 Mt CO2)

  • “Limiting anthropogenic greenhouse gases in Russia to 70-75% of 1990 levels by the year 2030 might be a long-term indicator, subject to the maximum possible account of absorbing capacity of forests.”

The EU countries collectively are the fourth largest emitter (~4500 Mt CO2). The EU countries have agreed to reduce annual emissions by 40% below 1990 levels by 2030.

The INDCs of the rest of the nations which submitted them can be found here.

There are several key points which must be made about these INDCs.

  • None of these INDCs are legally binding.
  • Global annual CO2 emissions would continue to increase, even if these INDCs are actually achieved.
  • Any nation can exit the agreement after 3 years, effective 1 year after notification.
  • The INDCs are not directly comparable in form or time frame.
  • The USA contribution is a percentage reduction from a historical emissions level by 2025
  • The Russian contribution is also a percentage reduction from a historical emissions level by 2030, subject to a condition.
  • The Chinese contribution is actually negative “until around 2030”, though it commits to a reduction of “carbon intensity” from a historical intensity level.
  • The Indian contribution is also negative, through an undefined time frame, though it commits to a reduction of “carbon intensity” by 2020.

In summary, it is not possible to determine when, or even if, global annual CO2 emissions would stabilize, no less begin to decline, under the Agreement reached at the conclusion of COP 21. It appears unlikely that stabilization will occur prior to 2030; and, even less likely that net zero CO2 emissions will be achieved by 2050.

It is clear that the current INDCs, even if met in their entirety, are insufficient to allow the earth to stay within the 2oC target established by the UNFCCC, no less achieve the 1.5oC sought by the nations which have declared themselves to be the most vulnerable. These nations are typically low lying coastal nations or island nations thought to be most susceptible to sea level rise. This is particularly interesting, since there has been no significant change in the rate of sea level rise over the past 145 years, despite the significant increase in global annual CO2 emissions over the past 65 years. There does not appear to be even a coincidental relationship between CO2 emissions and sea level rise, no less any causal relationship.

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Climate Change May Spell More Traffic Fatalities

Here is an example of how far afield the climate discussion has gone.

Here are two economists spending money on a study about traffic accidents and climate change.

Climate Change May Spell More Traffic Fatalities

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Patrick Moore: Should We Celebrate CO2

In October of 2015 the Global Warming Policy Foundation invited Patrick Moore, one of the founders of Greenpeace, to deliver a lecture at their annual meeting. See what he has to say about CO2 in his "SHOULD WE CELEBRATE CO2?"

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